Lake Victoria (Tanzania), Tanganyika (Burundi), Kivu
(Rwanda), Albert and Edward (Uganda).
Copyright © Geographic Guide Maps.
Lake Malawi (NASA, December 1993) This photograph shows Lake Malawi (or
Lake Nyasa), one of many elongated lakes that form part of the Great Rift Valley
of east Africa. The lake, bounded by steep mountains on all sides except the
southern end, is approximately 580 km long, averages 40 km in width, and has a maximum depth of 706
meters. Lake Malawi is drained at the south end by the Shire River, which
eventually empties into the Zambezi River. The lake and its steep-sloped
shoreline were created by faulting that caused a thrust upward as the valley
floor subsided between the slopes. The darker area along the northwest coast of
the lake is the Nyika Plateau, which has several elevations more than 8000 feet
(2440 meters) above sea level. Landlocked
Malawi extends along the entire west
coast of the lake.